Rosehip – Rosa canina
The fruit of the rose plant, rosehips are usually red and orange in colour but can be purple and black.
In the Middle Ages it was commonly used in folk remedies for chest problems, and the hips were popular in their own right as a sweetmeat before the development of the sweet products of today. In 1597, Gerard (one of the most famous historical herbalists ) wrote that they were “most pleasant meates and banketting dishes, as tartes and such like.”
Rosehips played a very important part in the provision of vitamin C to British children during World War 2 to replace the normal source from citrus fruits. By the end of the war the annual harvest was around 450 tons, and the collection of the hips continued until the early 1950’s.
- Uterine cramps
- Colds (high in Vitamin C)
- Fluid retention
- Boosts immune system (high Vitamin C)
- Antioxidant (Vitamin A)
- Relieves stress and tiredness
- Arthritis ( Rose hips are beneficial for people with arthritis. Rose hips contain high levels of antioxidants, vitamins A, B1, B2, E, K, and beta-carotene, and bioflavonoids)
- Cardiovascular disease (rosehips contain carotenoid pigments, plant sterols, tocotrienols, catechins, anthocyanins and other polyphenolics, which are phytochemicals that may fight cancer and cardiovascular disease)